Vaccine effects

WHAT TO EXPECT?

    What are frequent side effects?

     

  • Usually, vaccine cause only minor side effects – a mild fever and soreness at the injection site.
  • A small number of persons can however be confronted with more serious side effects, for instance allergic shocks.
  • It has been proved that giving multiple vaccinations for different diseases at the same time is safe and does not increase the risk of side effects. 

    How to react in case of severe side effects?

     

  • First of all, learn how to recognize serious side effects: a high fever, behavior changes, breathing difficulties, hoarseness or wheezing, hives, paleness, weakness, fast heart beat or dizziness, swelling of the throat.
  • In that case, call a doctor; if you fear the reaction is very serious, take the victim directly to the doctor or to the emergencies. Explain the doctor what happened as exhaustively as possible: list of symptoms, date and time it happened, when the vaccination was given. 

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS PER VACCINE

    Anthrax

     

  • 20% of persons suffer from joint pain, headaches and soreness, redness or itching consecutive to the injection.
  • In 5% of the cases, people experiment a serious fatigue, fevers and nauseas.
  • 5% of the persons who have received a shot also have large areas of redness where the shot was given.
  • Cases of serious allergic reaction remain uncommon (less than a case every 100,000 shots).
  • There is no evidence that anthrax vaccine causes sterility, birth defects or long-term health problems. 

    Diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis-pertussis

     

  • Around 25% of persons complain from mild fevers, redness, swelling, soreness or tenderness where the shot was given.
  • Other common side effects include a loss of appetite, tiredness, fussiness and vomiting; they usually do not last more than three days after the injection.
  • Serious side effects remain uncommon and include seizure, non-stop crying, and high fever (above 105F).
  • In extremely scarce cases, serious allergic reactions can happen, causing breathing difficulties and shock. 

    Influenza

     

  • A minority of persons experiment a mild fever, cutaneous irritations and soreness where the shot was given, during the two days following the injection.
  • Life-threatening allergic reactions are very rare. During the 1990’s, studies have shown that there was a small risk the vaccine is associated with a severe auto-immune illness, the Guillain-Barré Syndrome, which causes paralysis; first cases had been observed in 1976 on persons having taken the swine flu vaccine. 

    Hepatitis A

     

  • Most people complain from soreness where the shot was given and in 5 to 10% of the cases, headaches, a loss of appetite and tiredness during the 3 to 5 days following the shot.
  • The main serious side effect is an allergic reaction which usually happens quickly, in the minutes of hours following the shot. These reactions remain scarce. 

    Hepatitis B

     

  • Most people complain from soreness where the shot was given and in 5 to 10% of the cases, headaches, a loss of appetite and tiredness during the 3 to 5 days following the shot.
  • The main serious side effect is an allergic reaction which usually happens quickly, in the minutes of hours following the shot. These reactions remain scarce. 

    Meningococcal vaccine

     

  • A redness or pain may appear where the shot was given.
  • A small proportion of people develop a mild fever. 

    Mumps-Measles-Rubella

     

  • Among frequent and mild side effects are moderate fevers, rash (5% of the cases) and a swelling of glands in the cheek or neck, usually in the 7 to 12 days following the shot.
  • There are less common after the second injection.
  • Moderate side effects include seizures caused by fever, temporary pain and stiffness in the joints, mostly among teenagers or adult women, a temporary low platelet count, which can cause a bleeding disorder, a temporary swelling of the lymph nodes and a temporary inflammation of the parotid gland (salivary gland near the ear).
  • Severe side effects include allergic reactions (less than 1 out of a million shots) as well as a deafness, com or lowered consciousness and permanent brain damage. However these cases are so rare that it is not sure they are caused by the vaccine. 

    Varicella

     

  • 20 to 30% people experience soreness or swelling where the shot was given, up to a month after the shot.
  • In one case out of a thousand, fever can cause seizure.
  • In the most serious cases, it has been reported that pneumonia were consecutive to the vaccine.

Supported  by
CLINIC FOR CHILDREN

Yudhasmara Foundation

JL Taman Bendungan Asahan 5 Jakarta Indonesia 102010

phone : 62(021) 70081995 – 5703646

http://childrenclinic.wordpress.com/

 

 

Clinical and Editor in Chief :

DR WIDODO JUDARWANTO

email : judarwanto@gmail.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2009, Clinic For Children Information Education Network. All rights reserved.

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Tentang Dokter Indonesia

WORKING TOGETHER SUPPORT TO THE HEALTH OF ALL CHILDREN. Advancing of the future children to optimalized physical, mental and social health and well being for fetal, newborn, infant, children, adolescents and young adult
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